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An Introduction to Children’s Eye Health!

Did you know that the surface of a child’s eyes is three times smoother than an adult’s? Did you also know that there are many differences between the development of kids and adults when it comes to eye health? In this post, learn what care parents should put into preserving their children’s eyes.

Some common vision problems seen in kids are refractive errors, such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. Other eye problems that are seen in children include amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (crossed eyes), and ptosis (drooping eyelid).

As parents, it is important to be aware of these different eye conditions and take steps to prevent them or catch them early on. The following advice will help you maintain your child’s eyes healthy:

  1. Schedule regular eye exams with an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Children should have their first eye exam at 6 months of age, followed by another at 3 years old, and then every year after that. If your child has any risk factors for vision problems (for example, if they have a family history of eye disease or if they were born prematurely), then they may need to be seen more frequently.
  2. Make sure your child is wearing properly fitting glasses or contact lenses if needed. It is important that kids wear glasses.

Why is a Child’s Eye Health Important?

A child’s eye health is important for several reasons. First, good vision is essential for learning. Children who can see well are more likely to do well in school and less likely to experience problems later in life. Second, early detection and treatment of eye problems can prevent serious vision loss. Third, children’s eyes are still developing, and they are more susceptible to damage from certain diseases or injuries. Finally, healthy eyesight promotes overall physical and mental health and well-being.

What do Parents Need to Know About Children’s Eye Health?

As a parent, it’s important to be aware of your child’s eye health and what can impact it. Here are some essential considerations:

  • Children’s eyes are still developing and are more susceptible to damage than adult eyes.
  • It’s important to have regular eye exams for children so that any vision problems can be detected and treated early.
  • Some common childhood eye conditions include amblyopia (lazy eye) and strabismus (crossed eyes). These can usually be treated effectively if caught early.
  • Protecting your child’s eyes from the sun is important to help prevent damage from ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunglasses or hats with brimmed sides can help offer protection.

By being aware of these things, you can help ensure that your child enjoys good vision throughout their childhood and beyond.

Important Vitamins for Eye Health

Important Vitamin for Eye Health

There are a few important vitamins for eye health, and children should make sure they’re getting enough of them in their diet. Vitamin A promotes healthy eyes and is crucial for night vision. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can help to protect the eyes from damage caused by free radicals. Vitamin E is also an antioxidant that can help to protect the eyes from damage and has been shown to improve vision in people with macular degeneration.

Foods Rich in Vitamin A

A vital component for healthy eyes and eyesight is vitamin A. It can be found in many foods, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach, kale, and squash. Eating a diet rich in Vitamin A can help to keep your eyes healthy and prevent vision problems.

Foods Rich in Vitamin C

Most people know that vitamin C is good for you, but did you know that it’s also great for your eyes? Vitamin C is a nutrient found in many foods, and it’s important for overall health. But it’s also necessary for healthy eyes, and plenty of vitamin C can help reduce the risk of certain eye problems.

So what are the finest vitamin C sources? Citrus fruits like oranges and lemons are great choices, as well as tomatoes and red peppers. You can also get vitamin C from leafy green vegetables, such as spinach and kale. If you’re looking for something different, kiwi fruit is also a great option.

No matter which foods you choose, make sure to eat plenty of them! Vitamin C is water-soluble, so your body doesn’t store it the way it does with other nutrients. That means you need to get enough every day to keep your eyes healthy.

What are the best sources of vitamin C for your eyes?

Citrus fruits like oranges and lemons are great choices, as well as tomatoes and red peppers. You can also get vitamin C from leafy green vegetables, such as spinach and kale. If you’re looking for something different, kiwi fruit is also a great option.

Biggest Dangers to Children’s Eye Health

Biggest Dangerous to Children Eye Health

There are many dangers to children’s eye health. The most common dangers include:

-Injuries: Children are more likely than adults to get injured in the eye area. They may get hit in the eye with a ball or other object, or they may fall and scratch their eye.

– infections: viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause infections of the eye. These can lead to serious problems such as vision loss.

– Allergies: Allergies can cause irritation, swelling, and redness of the eyes. If not treated properly, they can also lead to serious problems such as vision loss or blindness.

– Eye cancer: Children are at a higher risk for developing certain types of eye cancer, such as retinoblastoma. Early detection is important for treatment and survival.

– Congenital defects: Some children are born with defects in the eye or surrounding structures. These defects can cause vision problems.


Children’s eye health is an important topic that parents should be educated on. As our kids grow and develop, it’s crucial that we take care of their vision so they can have the best possible chance at a healthy life.


Know 5 Important Dermatologist Tips for Dry Eyelids(Blepharitis)

You may be suffering from dry, itchy, and red eyes, or visible flakes of skin on the lower eyelid – did you know there are a number of dermatologist tips for eye health that can be implemented to help eliminate symptoms? These include cleaning your hands regularly, wearing sunglasses outdoors when possible to prevent damage to the surface of your skin (UV), using emollients, and avoiding activities that might irritate your skin like rubbing. Discover more in this article, including what other factors contribute to the appearance of dry eyelids like blepharitis.

What is Blepharitis?

Common and persistent eyelid irritation is known as blepharitis. It can be caused by bacteria, allergies, or other irritants. Symptoms include red, itchy, and burning eyes. Treatment typically involves cleaning the eyelids and using artificial tears to relieve symptoms.

Symptoms of Blepharitis

Symptoms of Blepharitis


The symptoms of blepharitis can vary depending on the type of blepharitis you have. The most common symptoms include:

  • Itchiness and redness around the eyelids.
  • Burning or stinging eyes.
  • A sensation that something is stuck in your eye.
  • Increased tears or drainage from your eyes.
  • Crusty debris on your eyelashes.
  • Swollen, red, and inflamed eyelids.

If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to see an experienced dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Common Causes of Blepharitis

Blepharitis Common Causes


Common and persistent eyelid irritation is known as blepharitis. It occurs when the oil glands in the eyelids become clogged and bacteria begin to grow. Blepharitis can occur at any age, but it is most common in adults.

There are two types of blepharitis: anterior blepharitis, which affects the front part of the eyelid, and posterior blepharitis, which affects the back part of the eyelid.

Common Causes of Blepharitis Include:

Dirty hands: Bacteria can be transferred to the eyes from contaminated hands.

Makeup: Using old or expired makeup can also lead to bacterial growth on the eyelids.

Eye irritation: Any type of eye irritation, such as from contact lenses or pollution, can worsen blepharitis.

Primary Treatments for Blepharitis

There are many different treatments for blepharitis, but primary treatments typically fall into one of two categories: medical or surgical.

Medical treatments for blepharitis include topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, and/or steroids. These medications can help to reduce inflammation and kill the bacteria that may be causing the infection.

Surgical treatments for blepharitis include lid scrubs, cautery, and/or thermal tearing. Lid scrubs involve using a sterile brush or cotton swab to gently remove any crusting from the eyelids. Cautery is a process of using heat to destroy the tissue that is causing the infection. Thermal tearing uses heat to break up the oils that are clogging the glands in the eyelids.

Secondary Treatments for Blepharitis

If you have dry eyes, chances are you also have a condition called blepharitis. Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids that can cause your eyes to feel dry and irritated. While there is no cure for blepharitis, there are treatments that can help relieve your symptoms and keep the condition under control.

One of the most important things you can do to treat blepharitis is to keep your eyelids clean and free of debris. You should gently wash your eyelids with mild soap and warm water at least once a day. You may also need to use a special eyelid cleanser or scrub to remove the build-up on your lashes. Pay close attention to the instructions on the product label.

If over-the-counter treatments don’t seem to be helping, talk to your eye doctor about prescription options. There are several topical medications that can be used to treat blepharitis, including antibiotics, steroids, and anti-inflammatory drugs. In some cases, oral medications may also be necessary.

Prevention Steps for Dry Eyelids (Blepharitis)

Dry eyelids, also known as blepharitis, are a common and irritating condition that can be difficult to get rid of. The good news is, there are several things you can do to prevent dry eyelids and keep them from coming back.

Here are Some Prevention Steps for Dry Eyelids:

  1. Keep your eyes clean – Be sure to clean your eyelids regularly with mild soap and warm water. Gently massage the lids to loosen any crusting or debris. You can also use a wet cotton ball or soft cloth to remove any buildup around the lash line.
  2. Avoid using harsh chemicals – When cleaning your eyelids, avoid using any harsh chemicals or detergents. These can irritate the already sensitive skin of the eyelid and make the condition worse.
  3. Use a humidifier – Dry air can worsen blepharitis, so using a humidifier in your home or office can help keep your eyelids moist and healthy.
  4. Limit contact lens wear – If you wear contact lenses, try to limit their use as much as possible. This will give your eyes a chance to rest and heal from any irritation caused by the lenses.
  5. Visit your doctor – If you have persistent dry eyes or blepharitis that doesn’t seem to be improving with home care, be sure to visit your doctor or an eye specialist for further treatment options.


If you have dry, itchy, or inflamed eyelids, then you may be suffering from blepharitis. This condition is relatively common and can usually be easily treated with the help of a dermatologist. Here are 5 important tips to keep in mind if you’re dealing with blepharitis:

  1. Keep your eyelids clean by gently washing them with a mild cleanser each day.
  2. Apply a warm compress to your eyelids for a few minutes at least once or twice per day.
  3. Use an eye ointment or cream to moisturize your eyelids and prevent further irritation.
  4. Avoid using any makeup or skincare products that contain harsh chemicals or fragrances.


Know 5 Important Conjunctivitis Prevention Tips

We’ve been conditioned to think that only those of us working with kids are at risk for pink eye, but schools and workplaces alike have been affected by the outbreaks in recent years. The following article will explain five key prevention tactics, from focusing on hand washing for eye care. Have all your staff use these useful tips to stay healthy during the upcoming cold and flu season!

What is Conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and covers the white part of the eye. It is a common condition that can affect people of all ages. Although conjunctivitis is usually a minor disorder, it can sometimes lead to serious problems if left untreated.

What is Conjunctivitis?


The symptoms of conjunctivitis include redness and swelling of the affected eye (or eyes), itchiness, discharge from the eye, and increased tearing. Viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are both highly contagious and can be spread through direct contact with infected secretions from the eye or through contaminated objects such as towels or makeup brushes. Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious but can be triggered by allergens in the environment.

If you suspect that you have conjunctivitis, it is important to see a doctor so that you can be properly diagnosed and treated.

Here are Some Important Tips for Preventing Conjunctivitis:

  1. Transmission:

The main way pink eye is spread is through contact with contaminated objects or liquids. This means it’s important to avoid touching your eyes if you have any cuts or open wounds on your hands. You should also avoid sharing pillowcases, towels, makeup, or contact lenses with others. If you must share these items, be sure to wash them thoroughly first.

  1. Treatment:

If you think you may have pink eye, it’s important to see the best eye doctor right away so you can get started on treatment. Pink eye usually goes away on its own within a week or so, but severe cases may require antibiotics.

  1. Prevention:

Maintaining proper hygiene practices is the most effective approach to avoiding pink eye. This means washing your hands frequently, especially before touching your eyes or handling contact lenses. You should also clean Your environment regularly, including door handles, countertops, and other surfaces that might be contaminated with bacteria or viruses



Conjunctivitis is a highly contagious eye infection that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or allergens. Symptoms include red, itchy, watery eyes, and discharge from the eyes. While conjunctivitis is usually not serious, it can cause significant discomfort and may lead to secondary bacterial infections if left untreated.

Prevention of Conjunctivitis

There are several things you can do to prevent conjunctivitis:

  • Wash your hands regularly and often, especially before touching your eyes.
  • Avoid sharing towels, pillowcases, or other items that may come into contact with your eyes.
  • Discard any makeup or contact lenses that may have been contaminated.
  • Avoid swimming in pools or other bodies of water where the infection can spread.
  1. Wash hands regularly

It is important to wash your hands regularly to prevent the spread of conjunctivitis. You should wash your hands:

  • Before and after you touch your eyes
  • After you touch your face
  • After you blow your nose
  • After you sneeze or cough
  1. Keep hands away from eyes.
  • It is very important to keep your hands away from your eyes if you want to prevent conjunctivitis. If you touch your eyes with your hands, you can transfer bacteria and other germs from your hands to your eyes. This can lead to an infection of the conjunctiva, which is the clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the inner surfaces of the eyelids.
  1. Avoid touching the facial area around your eyes
  • Touching your face around your eyes can easily transfer bacteria and other contaminants from your hands to your eyes. This can lead to conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation of the clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye. To avoid this, make sure to wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your eyes with Your fingers.
  1. Stay home or use a protective barrier if you contact an infectious person with conjunctivitis
  • If you have come in contact with someone who has conjunctivitis, it is important to take precautions to prevent the spread of the eye infection. The best way to do this is to stay home and avoid contact with others. If you must go out, be sure to use a protective barrier, such as a mask or gloves.
  1. Use hand sanitizers and provide good hygiene conditions in your work environment
  • One of the best ways to prevent conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is to practice good hygiene. This means washing your hands often, especially before you touch your eyes. You should also avoid sharing towels, pillows, or other items that come into contact with your face.

Finally, it’s important to create a clean and healthy work environment. This means wiping down surfaces often, especially if they’re shared by others. You should also make sure there is good ventilation in your workspace.


Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is a highly contagious viral or bacterial infection of the conjunctiva, the thin, transparent membrane that lines the inner surface of your eyelid and covers the white part of your eyeball. Because it can be so easily spread through close contact with others, it’s important to know how to prevent its spread.

Here are 5 tips to help prevent the spread of conjunctivitis:

  1. Avoid touching your eyes with your hands.
  2. Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after touching your eyes or someone else’s eyes.
  3. Do not share towels or other items that come into contact with your eyes.
  4. Disinfect all contaminated surfaces, such as doorknobs, countertops, and phones.
  5. If you wear contact lenses, clean them thoroughly and disinfect them regularly according to the manufacturer’s instructions.


Know 5 Important Eye Care Tips During Pregnancy!

Eye problems in pregnancy happen due to the body’s changing hormone levels. The last trimester of pregnancy is when a pregnant woman’s vision changes most often, as estrogen levels decrease and progesterone increases. Learning about these 20 common eye care tips during pregnancy will help you stay informed, healthy and happy!

  1. Drink plenty of water: Staying hydrated is important for your overall health, but it’s also crucial for healthy eyes. When you’re dehydrated, your eyes can become dry and irritated. So be sure to hydrate yourself well during the day.
  2. Eat a healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet is important for your overall health, but it’s also essential for healthy eyes. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, like salmon, are especially good for your eyes. Omega-3 fatty acids help reduce inflammation and protect against dry eye syndrome.
  3. Be careful with contact lenses: Contact lenses are generally safe to use during pregnancy, but you should be extra careful with them. Be sure to clean your lenses regularly and never wear them longer than recommended by your eye doctor.
  4. Avoid smoking: Smoking is harmful to your overall health, but it’s also damaging to your eyesight. Smoking increases your risk of developing cataracts and other serious eye problems. If

5 Important Eye care tips

Pregnancy is a time when your body goes through many changes and your eyes are no exception. Here are some important eye care tips to keep in mind during pregnancy:

  1. Get your eyes checked: Pregnancy can cause changes in your vision, so it’s important to get your eyes checked by an optometrist or ophthalmologist during pregnancy.
  2. Watch for changes in your vision: If you notice any changes in your vision during pregnancy, be sure to talk to your eye doctor right away.
  3. Wear sunglasses: Pregnancy can make you more sensitive to light, so be sure to wear sunglasses when you’re outdoors.
  4. Don’t smoke: Smoking can increase your risk of developing serious eye problems, including age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. So if you’re pregnant, now is the time to quit smoking for good!
  5. Eat a healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet is good for your overall health, including your eyesight. Be sure to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables as well as foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon and other cold-water fish.

Vision changes in pregnancy

Pregnant women may experience changes in their vision. Some women may have blurred vision, while others may see flashes of light. These changes are usually harmless and will resolve after delivery. However, if you experience any sudden or severe changes in your vision, you should notify your doctor or midwife right away.

Eye Glasses

Importance of Eye Glasses


For many women, becoming pregnant may be a challenging time. One of the issues that can arise during pregnancy is vision problems. Many women report experiencing blurred vision during pregnancy, and some even develop temporary blindness. If you are pregnant, it is important to be aware of these potential problems and take steps to protect your eyesight.

If you are pregnant and experience any vision problems, it is important to see an eye doctor right away. An eye doctor can determine if your vision problems are related to pregnancy and make recommendations for treatments or corrective measures.

Contact Lenses

When you are pregnant, you should take extra care of your eyes and vision. At this time, some women may experience changes in their vision, such as blurred vision and dry eyes. These changes can be due to pregnancy hormones and increased blood volume. Here are some tips to help keep your eyes healthy during pregnancy:

  1. Wear contact lenses? Make sure to clean them regularly and replace them as needed per the manufacturer’s instructions.
  2. Apply artificial tears or drops as needed to relieve dryness.
  3. Visit your eye care provider for regular comprehensive dilated eye examinations. If you have diabetes or develop hypertension during pregnancy, more frequent monitoring may be warranted.
  4. Be aware of symptoms that could indicate a problem with your vision, such as the sudden onset of floaters or flashing lights, severe headache not relieved by over-the-counter medication, or pain in the eye that does not go away easily. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your eye care provider immediately for evaluation.

Eye Drops

As your pregnancy progresses, your blood volume increases and your blood vessels become more pronounced, especially in your legs and feet. Also, the hormones produced during pregnancy cause changes in the consistency of your tears, making them more watery and less oily. These changes can lead to dry eyes and other irritating symptoms.

To help relieve dry eye symptoms, use artificial tears or lubricating eye drops as often as needed. You can also try using a humidifier in your home to keep the air moist. If you wear contact lenses, you may need to switch to glasses during pregnancy. Consult with your doctor or ophthalmologist about the best way to care for your eyes during pregnancy.


Pregnancy brings a lot of changes to a woman’s body, and her eyes are no exception. It’s important for pregnant women to take care of their vision and eye health, especially during the third trimester when the risk of developing pregnancy-related eye problems is at its highest. Here are five tips for pregnant women to keep their eyes healthy:

  1. Have your eyes checked regularly by an optometrist or ophthalmologist?
  2. Be sure to tell your eye care professional that you are pregnant.
  3. Wear sunglasses or protective eyewear when outdoors to shield your eyes from UV rays.
  4. Take breaks often when working on the computer or reading to avoid eye strain.
  5. Keep your hands clean and away from your face to avoid infecting yourself with bacteria or viruses that can cause pink eye or other viral conjunctivitis infections.


इंदौर : एएसजी आई हॉस्पिटल की इंदौर में स्थापना को 3 वर्ष पूरे हो गए हैं। इस उपलक्ष्य में मंगलवार को एमजी रोड पर टीआई मॉल के समीप स्थित हॉस्पिटल परिसर में स्थापना दिवस कार्यक्रम आयोजित किया गया। ख्यात प्लास्टिक सर्जन डॉ. निशांत खरे कार्यक्रम के मुख्य अतिथि थे। डॉ. वीरेंद्र सिंह सोलंकी विशेष अतिथि के बतौर मौजूद रहे।

बच्चों और पालकों को जागरूक करने की जरूरत।

डॉ. खरे ने इस मौके पर अपने विचार रखते हुए एएसजी हॉस्पिटल को स्थापना दिवस की शुभकामनाएं दी। उन्होंने कहा कि बच्चे आजकल मोबाइल, कंप्यूटर, लैपटॉप और टीवी पर अधिक समय बिताते हैं जिससे बचपन में ही उनकी आंखें कमजोर होने लगी हैं। ऐसे में बच्चों व उनके परिजनों को आंखों की सुरक्षा को लेकर जागरूक करने की जरूरत है। स्कूलों में भी इस बात की जानकारी बच्चों को दी जानी चाहिए कि इलेक्ट्रॉनिक गजट का इस्तेमाल सीमित रूप से करें।

देश – विदेश में है एएसजी हॉस्पिटल्स की चेन।

इस दौरान पत्रकारों से चर्चा करते हुए एएसजी हॉस्पिटल, इंदौर के मेडिकल डायरेक्टर डॉ. विनीत मुथा ने बताया कि देश – विदेश में 39 शहरों में 46 अस्पतालों के जरिए एएसजी समूह अत्याधुनिक नेत्र चिकित्सा सेवाएं प्रदान कर रहा है। इंदौर में बीते 3 वर्षों में एएसजी हॉस्पिटल ने 40 हजार नेत्र रोगियों का इलाज किया है। मोतियाबिंद के साथ ही रेटिना, ग्लूकोमा, कार्निया ट्रांसप्लांट और आंखों से जुड़ी अन्य बीमारियों का सफलतापूर्वक इलाज यहां किया जाता है। कोरोना काल में ब्लैक फंगस का कारगर उपचार भी एएसजी आई हॉस्पिटल में किया गया।

सामाजिक दायित्वों का किया निर्वहन।

डॉ. मुथा ने बताया कि एएसजी हॉस्पिटल ने अपने सामाजिक दायित्व का निर्वहन भी बखूबी किया है। बीते तीन वर्षों में सैकड़ों बुजुर्गों के मोतियाबिंद के ऑपरेशन नि:शुल्क किए गए हैं। प्रत्येक रविवार को बुजुर्ग व बच्चे और बुधवार को महिलाओं की आंखों की मुफ्त जांच की जाती है। इसी के साथ 400 से अधिक स्कूल बस के चालकों का नि:शुल्क नेत्र परीक्षण भी हॉस्पिटल द्वारा किया गया है।

डॉ. मुथा ने बताया कि उनके यहां सभी सरकारी बीमा योजनाओं के तहत इलाज किया जाता है। आयुष्यमान भारत योजना में आंखों के उपचार के लिए भी उन्होंने आवेदन कर रखा है।


Eye Cornea Surgery: Causes, Treatments, and Risks

The cornea acts as a lens to refract, or bend light and guides most of the light entering the eye. It is a thin transparent membrane; a clear layer of tissue that smoothly covers the eyeball. Doctors generally recommend eye cornea surgery when the vision is disrupted due to damage or thinning of the cornea to retrieve and restore vision, improve its appearance, and relieve pain. Eye specialists categorize cornea difficulties as sensitivity to light, blurry vision, distressful pain, and redness. Though we somehow neglect minimalistic eye-related problems and regard them as slightly insignificant, these could lead to terrible repercussions.


Cornea transplantation: Eye cornea treatment

As intimidating as it may sound, cornea transplantation or keratoplasty is merely an intricate term simply referring to eye cornea surgery. Cornea specialists carry out this efficacious procedure with diligence and absolute care. It replaces the affected portion of the cornea with a healthy donor and eventually restores vision, enhancing the appearance and reducing discomfort. If the vision is impaired to a substantial extent, your doctor shall treat the damaged part of the cornea or its underlying cause, with the optimal manner of surgery. Several conditions can lead to such procedures:
  • Keratoconus
  • Vision impairment disorder: Corneal Dystrophy
  • Inability to precisely focus light: Corneal Scarring
  • Swelling of Cornea: Corneal Edema
  • Critical injury or severe wound to the eye


Keratoconus: Cornea damage

Keratoconus is one such disease resulting in astigmatism or near-sightedness. Keratoconus alters the normal shape of the cornea and renders it protruding, like a cone. Astigmatism; gradually makes the cornea perceptively curvy, changing its form to a conical shape, differing from the normal ball-alike structure. Near-sightedness as the term indicates is the trouble of discerning things that are farther from a distance, you can only see objects or other figures which are nearer to you. A person experiencing these symptoms must consult an eye specialist immediately:

Cornea Damage, ASG Eye Hospital

  • Streaky lights
  • All things appearing blurry
  • Luminous lights surrounded with halos
  • Double vision
  • Seeing a ghost image with one eye, termed as monocular diplopia
When the damage is extensive the patient may need cornea transplantation.

Corneal Dystrophy: Painful irritation in the cornea

Affecting the front part of the eye, Corneal dystrophy is a genetic disease that usually runs in families. It may make the vision cloudy and blurry. A person diagnosed with symptoms such as painful eyes, glare, sensitivity to light, loss of corneal epithelium causing corneal abrasion or erosion may be suffering from corneal dystrophy. Watery or dry eyes, the sensation of something in the eye, or irritation and frequent feeling of eyelid sticking to the eye may also lead to corneal dystrophy. As a genetic disorder, doctors commonly suggest cornea treatment as a way to go about corneal dystrophy. If the condition is bad enough, the person might have to undergo eye cornea surgery, though the treatment depends on the type of corneal dystrophy.


Corneal Scarring: Emergence of scars in cornea

Being a resilient tissue, the cornea can typically heal from minor abrasions. Nonetheless, serious corneal damage may result in corneal scarring. Corneal scars can occur through burns, improper use of contact lenses, lacerations, or deep scratches. Symptoms may include:
  • Swelling of eyelids
  • Redness
  • Burning sensation
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Scratchy sensation of something in the eye
  • Pain in eyes
  • Blurry vision
In case these symptoms persist, you need to consult an ophthalmologist for the desired eye cornea treatment. The doctor may ask you, initially, of the recent eye injuries and medical history other than the symptoms. Thereafter, the ophthalmologist shall conduct an eye exam in which he will look for abrasions or irritating debris. The optimal treatment will be suggested to you then. Commonly, there are three ways to medicate corneal scarring:
  • Laser therapy
  • Corneal transplantation
  • Artificial cornea; a damaged portion is replaced with a combination of synthetic material    and the donor tissue


Corneal Edema

The swelling of the cornea due to the build-up of excess fluid is termed Corneal Edema. Speaking scientifically, the membrane called endothelium pumps out fluid from the cornea, when it becomes inactive, liquid accumulates and the cornea swells. It mostly occurs in women, as compared to men, after the age of 50. A condition called Fuch’s endothelial dystrophy causes this disorder. Things that could trigger this condition are:
  • Improper use of contact lenses
  • Eye surgery
  • Medications
  • Some medical conditions like herpes.

Cornea edema, ASG Eye Hospital

Eye cornea specialist will guide you to a course of eye cornea treatment if the symptoms may occur as:
  • Pain in the eye when encountering discomfort due to light
  • A scratchy feeling in the eye
  • Ache or tenderness while touching the eyes
  • Seeing halos around the lights
  • In severe cases, aching blisters might emerge
The ophthalmologist will look for scars or cloudiness around your eyes or may examine the eye with an ophthalmoscope for diagnosis. Moreover, the treatment might vary on the extent to which this disorder has caused the damage.
A severe injury or wound to the eye may also lead to cornea transplantation. Though, it is more likely to be treated by the degree of damage.

Types of corneal transplantation

The advances in corneal transplantation allow surgeons to replace a part or all of the cornea, depending upon the location of the damage. Today, eye specialists consider a less invasive approach, with lower risks and quicker recovery, therefore, a partial cornea transplant can have advantages. The transplant is performed under local anaesthetic (where the area to be treated is numbed and you’re awake) or general anaesthetic (where you’re sedated and rendered unconscious). The surgery is not a prolonged one, either you may leave the eye cornea hospital the same day or stay overnight.
Largely there are four types of Transplantation:
  • Penetrating keratoplasty is a procedure that involves replacing the entire cornea with a healthy donor cornea. This is the preferred technique when all layers of the cornea are opaque.
  •  Endothelial keratoplasty is to replace the inner layer of the cornea with a healthy inner layer of a donor cornea. This is used to treat patients with endothelial dystrophy such as Fuch’s Dystrophy.
  •  A procedure termed Keratoprosthesis involves replacing the entire cornea when a cornea is so severely damaged that it cannot be repaired with a natural donor cornea or when a previous donor cornea transplant is unsuccessful.
  •  Anterior lamellar keratoplasty is a technique to replace the outer layer of the cornea with a healthy outer layer of a donor cornea. This is used mostly in patients with keratoconus and scarring of the uppermost layers of the cornea.


Risks of eye cornea surgery

As with all kinds of surgery, there are few subsequent complications of cornea transplantation. Although, most cornea surgeries are successful and hardly lead to any threats. That being said, considering the complications may be useful to the eye specialists as well to the patient:
  • Cataract
  •  Bleeding in the eye
  • Detachment of the transplanted cornea
  • Inflammation in the eye
  •  Glaucoma
  •  Retinal detachment
  •  Incorrect vision requiring glasses or contact lenses
  •  Infection inside or on the surface of the eye


Cornea transplant rejection

Another possible complication is the rejection of the donated cornea. If your immune system recognizes that the tissue is foreign and creates an immune response that rejects the new cornea then this complication can occur between several months to several years following the surgery. Cornea transplant rejection is usually reversible, and if addressed within time, may not harm the functioning of the transplanted cornea.
The overall risk for complications differs based on numerous factors that may take in your age, medical history, other eye problems, and the basic reason for your cornea transplantation. Consult your eye specialists about your risks for cornea transplantation to avoid transplant rejection.

What to expect after the eye cornea surgery?

Even though this surgery is not a drawn-out procedure, you may need to follow the post-surgery instructions as prescribed by your doctor. In the case of experiencing symptoms such as sensitivity to light, redness or pain in the eyes, and depletion in vision, you may need to consult your ophthalmologist.
The major cause for corneal transplantation: Keratoconus
Keratoconus is an eye syndrome that is progressive and can’t be reversed. When diagnosed early in the early stages, C3R therapy helps in stabilising it, and in advanced stages, corneal transplantation techniques are helpful.
The treatment options vary on the advances of this syndrome:
  •  Contact lenses (RGP – Rigid Glass Permeable)
  •  Corneal Collagen Crosslinking (C3R/ CXL)
  •  Corneal Implants
  •  Corneal Transplants
More about Corneal Collagen Crosslinking (C3R/ CXL)
This minimally invasive process enhances the corneal strength by inducing crosslinking of collagen fibres. C3R helps in stabilising keratoconus in the early stage and prevents further progression of the disease and the need for corneal transplantation. 
Corneal Transplant is a widely misunderstood procedure due to the possible risks and outcomes. Cornea specialists describe it as relatively safe and the complications are minimal and treatable.


Dr.Shilpi GangDr. Shilpi Gang
MBBS (Gold Medalist), MD (AIIMS, NEW DELHI), Fellow of Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow, U.K.


Dr. Shilpi Gang is the co-founder and CEO of ASG EYE HOSPITALS. ASG Eye Hospital has a network of 44 eye Hospitals across 33 cities of India.


What is cataract surgery ? How do doctors rectify it ? 

Cataract seems to be a horrifying term but doctors usually recommend it when a person is unable to see clearly. It is categorized as an age-related disorder of the eye. An eye specialist recommends cataract surgery when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy and a person’s vision becomes blurry. The eye lens is situated behind the iris & pupil. It functions to help you focus on the objects of varying distances away from the affected person.
The white cloudiness on the lens happens because of the clumping of proteins. It forms a white opaque film on the eye lens and prevents the light from passing through and reaching the retina. it is impossible that this blurry vision can be corrected through medication or eyeglasses. Don’t get frightened as science has done such an advancement that is the easiest surgery that takes around 10-15 minutes to complete and the process is also not painful.
During cataract eye surgery, the team of cataract eye specialist doctors replaces the damaged eye lens with an artificial lens or intraocular lens to successfully restore clear vision. 


Why does a cataract develop ?

There are several reasons for the development of cataracts: 
  • Age factor: people who are older than 60 years of age are likely to be at risk.
  • Harmful UV rays: overexposure to the UV rays can also affect the vision and develops into a cataract.
  • Drugs effectuated: prolonged usage of steroids or prescription drugs may lead to cataract.
  • Blood sugar level/ diabetes: People who have diabetes are more likely to develop a cataract.
  • Eye injury: an eye injury can also cause cataracts or complete vision loss.
Don’t delay and go for the cataract surgery treatment if you experience the following signs:
  • Blurry vision.
  • Impaired night vision.
  • Double vision.
  • The colors seem to be faded.
  • Easily affected to glare & bright lights.
  • Halation around lights.
  • Rapid need to change eyeglasses.
Cataract usually develops as a person gets older and they may get worse gradually if you avoid the treatment. A cataract is recommended when it noticeably affects the vision. It causes trouble while doing daily errands like reading, driving, seeing anything in bright light.

Things to remember after cataract surgery :


After surgery, a person will be happy to see that vision has started to improve than before within a matter of a few days. But if you initially feel that vision is still somewhat blurry or wavy, don’t panic. It is normal, as sometimes the eyes take time to heal and adjust to the new vision. A brownish or yellow-tinted cataract makes the vision fade and the colors muted. The colors will appear to be brighter when the person sees through the new lens after the surgery.

Points to be noted at the recovery stage :


  • Stay in touch with your doctor. Follow-up is of utmost importance. After a day or two after the surgery, the doctor calls for follow-up, visits them as per schedule.
  • Doubtful about surgery, if your eyes feel itchy after surgery? Oh, don’t be! It is normal to feel a few mild discomforts.
  • Avoid touching the eye.
  • This will be a topical eye surgery with no injection, No stitches and No pain.
  • No eye patch is required after the surgery.
  • Doctors usually prescribe eye drops and some medications to prevent infection, reduce inflammation & control eye pressure. Take them on time.
  • Scratchiness, sensations, dry eyes, or itchiness will go away. In the majority of cases, the healing process gets completed within one weeks. In case you feel any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor immediately:
  1. Vision loss.
  2. Continuous pain.
  3. Increased redness in the eye.
  4. Light flashes.
  5. Multiple floaters in the line of vision.


  • Doctors suggest the person wear post-operative sunglasses for some time. It protects your eyes from sunlight & other bright lights till the time the eye recovers. The doctor will also let you know when to stop wearing glasses after a proper eye examination.
  • Do not attempt to drive until and unless you have visited your doctor and he or she confirms that you are safe to drive.
  • Avoid heavy lifting and back-breaking activities.
  • Don’t involve in any kind of activity that might cause stress to the eye during the healing process.
  • Keep your eyes closed while taking shower.
  • Avoid swimming or hot tubs for at least 2 weeks.
  • Stay away from any activity that will expose your eye to dust, grime, or any other infectious contaminants. 
Want to know the cost of surgery? The average cost of cataract surgery in India is usually between Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 1,25,000. However, the prices may vary depending upon the lens opted.


Dr.Shilpi GangDr. Shilpi Gang
MBBS (Gold Medalist), MD (AIIMS, NEW DELHI), Fellow of Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow, U.K.


Dr. Shilpi Gang is the co-founder and CEO of ASG EYE HOSPITALS. ASG Eye Hospital has a network of 44 eye Hospitals across 33 cities of India.




Many of us wear eyeglasses or contact lenses to see clearly or to correct our vision. But sometimes people fail to take care of our eyes. Like going off to bed with specs on, or mistakenly splashing water on the face while wearing the lens. In both cases, you are at harm. To not have such bad experiences, you can look out for a permanent solution to your visibility problem, i.e. Lasik Eye Surgery


What is Lasik Eye Surgery?

In simple terms, Lasik surgery is undertaken to correct several eyesight conditions. A normal person can see everything. But people with nearsightedness or farsightedness cannot see the outside world’s images very clearly. It happens because outside world images don’t fall exactly on the retina, which thereby causes a refractive error. The light rays of the outside world do not get focused on the retina causing blurred images.
In a broader outlook, the outer layer of the eye is the cornea, and people’s cornea shape can be changed which leads to vision issues that call for Lasik Eye Surgery Treatment.
This surgery reshapes the cornea depending upon the vision condition that this particular treatment aims to fix. It corrects vision issues like nearsightedness & farsightedness.
The surgery doesn’t require much time. It takes nearly around 15 minutes and people remain awake during the whole procedure of the surgery. It is not painful. Right before going under the procedure, the surgeon will put numbing eye drops in both eyes. But you might experience a little pressure during the surgery.

Know the procedure of the surgery..

  1. Firstly, a mechanical surgical tool named microkeratome or a femtosecond laser is used to make a thin & circular flap in the cornea. The Lasik Specialist then folds back this turned flap to approach the underlying cornea (or stroma).
  2. Secondly, to bring back the cornea (corneal stroma) in shape, an excimer laser is used. This highly modernized laser tool uses a cool UV light beam to remove microscopic amounts of tissue from the cornea. The process reshapes the cornea accurately and the light now perfectly reaches the retina thereby enhancing improved and clear vision.
  3. At last, the corneal flap is placed back in place, where it adheres to the corneal stroma without stitches. 

Things to keep in mind after surgery:


  • After the surgery, the doctor will give you a brief post-op eye exam. Once the doctor/ eye specialist confirms that the surgery was successful, he or she will be discharged & allowed to go home.
  • The person cannot self drive the car or any other vehicle to home after discharge. He or she must be driven by a family member or a friend. He/ She is not allowed to drive until the doctor says after a follow-up visit. During the follow-up meets, the doctor will discuss & confirm that the vision is within the legal standard for driving.
  • The doctor will call after a week of the surgery to have a look at the healing process. At that visit, they will determine whether more follow-up visits are required or not.
  • Refrain from doing any heavy exercise for the week after surgery, as it can disturb the healing process.
  • Avoid wearing eye makeup for a week. When you resume, use new products to avoid any kind of infection. Doctors prescribe eye drops & artificial tears that help to speed up the healing process, fight against bacteria & infection and combat the eye from drying. 

When can a person expect the results of Lasik Eye Surgery?

The person undergoing the eye surgery can immediately see the result. He or she begins to see things from a distance that they were not able to see before. While a person may feel a little irritation & haziness initially, it will be stabilized and day by day it gets improved after surgery. It is common for eyes to feel a little powdery or dusty or sensitive to light. 


Doctors always ask the patients to keep their eyes closed for a few hours. After at least 6-7 hours, patients feel comparably comfortable with their vision. In some cases, patients may feel comfortable the very next day of surgery. However, this depends on the intensity of the patient’s eyesight before the eye surgery. 

Every surgery has some risks involved. With this surgery, you may struggle with the Dry eyes which can be handled through lubricating eye drops. 

Know some benefits: 

  • Don’t have to wear eyeglasses and contact lenses
  • Can undertake activities like sports comfortably after surgery.
  • Having whole comfort & convenience of not wearing corrective eyewear


Dr.Shilpi GangDr. Shilpi Gang
MBBS (Gold Medalist), MD (AIIMS, NEW DELHI), Fellow of Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow, U.K.


Dr. Shilpi Gang is the co-founder and CEO of ASG EYE HOSPITALS. ASG Eye Hospital has a network of 44 eye Hospitals across 33 cities of India.


आँखों में दवाई डालने का सही तरीका

अधिकतर लोग समझते हैं कि आँखों में ड्रॉप डालना दवाई खाने जैसा होता है, लेकिन इसका एक तरीका होता है जिससे कि इसकी Active pharmacological Molecule सही मात्रा में आपके Target area तक, जिसको कि आँख का Anterior Chamber कहा जाता है वहां तक पहुँच पाता है।

आज हम आपको बताएंगे कि आई ड्रॉप डालने का सही तरीका क्या है –

अपनी नीचे वाली पलक को तर्जनी से नीचे की ओर खींचें ताकि Lower Lid एक थैली कि तरह बन जाए और उसमें एक बूँद जरूरत के हिसाब से ढालें, उसके बाद बस 3-4 सेकंड तक आँखें बंद रख कर खोल लें। लंबे समय तक आँख को बंद रखने की जरूरत नहीं है। बूँद डालते ही वो आँख कि कॉर्निया पर फैल जाती है और सोख जाती है। 2 अलग अलग आई ड्राप के बीच तीन – चार मिनट का अंतराल रखें, इसमें ज्यादा फर्क रखने की जरूरत नहीं है।

उपर की पलक खींच कर आय ड्रॉप कभी ना डाले थोड़ी प्रैक्टिस के बाद अपनी आई ड्रॉप आप खुद डाल पाएंगे, किसी की मदद की जरूरत नहीं रहेंगी

करने योग्य
1. हमेशा निचली पलक को खींचकर आई ड्रॉप लगाएं
2. आई ड्रॉप डालने से पहले अपने हाथ धोएं
3. आई ड्रॉप के नोजल को कभी न छुएं
4. बूंदों को फ्रिज के निचले डिब्बे में रखें

नहीं करें
1. ऊपरी पलक को खींचकर आई ड्रॉप नहीं डालें
2. आई ड्रॉप को गर्म स्थान पर नहीं रखें
3. आई ड्रॉप्स को फ्रीजर में नहीं रखें
4. नोजल खोलने के एक महीने बाद आई ड्रॉप का इस्तेमाल न करें

Dr. Shilpi Gang


Dr. Shilpi Gang