LASIK surgery: A complete guide for what to expect
LASIK surgery: (laser-assisted in place keratomileusis) is that the most ordinarily performed laser eye surgery to treat myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism.
Like other sorts of laser refractive surgery, the LASIK procedure reshapes the front surface of cornea so that it can be focused precisely onto the retina without glasses or contact lenses.
LASIK typically is pain-free and requires only about quarter-hour to treat both eyes. Vision improvement is immediate and sometimes stabilizes in as little as 24 hours.
The LASIK procedure
- A mechanical surgical tool called a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser is employed to make a skinny, circular flap within the cornea. The surgeon then folds back this hinged flap to access the underlying cornea (called the stroma).
- An excimer laser is employed to reshape the corneal stroma. This highly specialized laser uses a cool ultraviolet beam to get rid of (“ablate”) microscopic amounts of tissue from the cornea to reshape it so it more accurately focuses light on the retina for improved vision.
- The corneal flap is laid back in situ, where it adheres to the corneal stroma without stitches
What to expect
Before LASIK. Your ophthalmologist will perform a comprehensive eye exam to work out if you’re a good candidate for LASIK vision correction.
During this exam, the surface of your eye are going to be examined to form sure you’ve got no unusual risk of dry eyes after LASIK.
An automated instrument called a corneal topographer is going to create an in-depth, point-by-point map of the form of your cornea. A further measurement called a wavefront analysis of your cornea also could also be performed to assist you to achieve the sharpest LASIK outcome possible.
You should stop wearing contact lenses for a period of your time advised by your doctor (typically a minimum of a fortnight before LASIK). This is often important because contact wear can alter the shape of your cornea and will affect the result of your procedure.
Immediately before your LASIK surgery, numbing eye drops are applied to your eye to prevent any discomfort during the procedure. Your Lasik Surgeons can also offer you some medication to assist you to relax.
Your eyes are going to be positioned under the laser, and an instrument called a lid speculum is employed to stay your eyelids open.
A suction ring is applied to the front of your eye to stop eye movements or loss of contact that would affect the standard of the corneal flap.
After the corneal flap is made, the Lasik surgeon then uses a computer to regulate the excimer laser for your particular prescription. You’ll be asked to seem at a target light for a brief time while he or she watches your eye through a microscope because the laser sends pulses of sunshine to your cornea.
The laser light pulses painlessly reshape the cornea, but you’ll feel some pressure on your eye. You’ll also hear a gentle clicking sound while the laser is working. The laser treatment itself takes only a minute.
Immediately after LASIK
Upon completion of your LASIK surgery, your Lasik surgeon will have you rest for a while.. You might feel a short-lived burning or itching sensation immediately following the procedure.
After a quick post-operative exam, someone can drive you home. (You cannot drive after LASIK until your ophthalmologist sees you the subsequent day and confirms your uncorrected vision meets the legal standard for driving.)
You should expect some blurry vision and haziness immediately after surgery; however, for many people, vision improves immediately and stabilizes within a couple of days.
You may be ready to attend work subsequent day, but many doctors advise a few days of rest instead.
Generally, you’ll return to ascertain your ophthalmologist or your Lasik surgeon in Jaipur the day after surgery.
Follow your doctor’s instructions and take any medication prescribed. Also, avoid rubbing your eyes, as there is a small chance this might dislodge the flap until it heals and adheres more securely to the underlying cornea.
Laser eye surgery offers numerous benefits and may dramatically improve your quality of life. Most of the people achieve 20/20 vision or better after the surgery, but outcomes vary from person to person.
You may still get to wear glasses or contact lenses following laser vision correction, though your prescription level typically is going to be much less than before.
If you’ve got a mild residual refractive error after LASIK and you would like sharper vision for activities like driving in the dark, prescription lenses with anti-reflective coating often are helpful.
If you’re sensitive to sunlight after LASIK, ask your ophthalmologist about prescribing glasses with photochromic lenses.
While the procedure has a superb safety profile, LASIK complications can occur and should include infection or night glare (starbursts or halos that are most noticeable when you’re viewing lights in the dark, like while you’re driving).
A small percentage of individuals need a LASIK enhancement or “touch up” procedure, a couple of months after the first LASIK surgery to realize acceptable acuity.
And you will need reading glasses once you reach your 40s, thanks to a traditional age-related loss of sight called presbyopia.
How does one choose Eye Surgeons in Jaipur?
Most people do not have first-hand knowledge about LASIK or Eye Surgeons in Jaipur. An honest start line when choosing an Eye Surgeons in Jaipur is to speak with the attention professional you recognize and trust. Or ask friends or relations who have had successful LASIK.
Your Lasik surgeon in Jaipur will probably work with a team, who may help together with your initial evaluation and measurements. But it’s your Lasik Surgeon in Jaipur who takes the responsibility for determining whether LASIK is an appropriate choice for you, who confirms the measurements to guide the procedure, who performs the procedure, and who provides postoperative care.
Talk with your Lasik surgeon in Jaipur about your questions and concerns and the way LASIK will benefit you. He or she will assist you to understand the advantages and limitations of surgery.