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Common Myths and Facts about Cataract Surgery


Jun 14, 2024 | 3 min read

Cataract surgery is one of the most common and successful medical procedures performed worldwide. Yet, despite its prevalence, there are still many myths and misconceptions surrounding this relatively straightforward surgery. In this article, we’ll learn some of the most common myths and facts about cataract surgery.


Myths or Reality? The Truth about Cataract Surgery


Myth 1: Cataracts Only Affect the Elderly

Fact: While it’s true that cataracts predominantly affect older adults, they can develop at any age. Factors like genetics, certain medications, trauma to the eye, and medical conditions such as diabetes can contribute to the development of cataracts in younger individuals.


Myth 2: Cataracts Can Be Cured with Eye Drops or Medications

Fact: Unlike some other eye conditions, cataracts cannot be treated with eye drops or medications. The only effective treatment for cataracts is surgery. During cataract surgery, the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL), restoring clear vision.


Myth 3: Cataract Surgery is Painful

Fact: Thanks to advancements in surgical techniques and anesthesia, cataract surgery is virtually painless for most patients. Before the procedure, patients are typically given numbing eye drops and may receive a mild sedative to help them relax. During the surgery, patients may feel some pressure or mild discomfort, but it’s usually minimal and brief.


Myth 4: Cataract Surgery Requires a Long Recovery Time

Fact: One of the remarkable aspects of cataract surgery is its quick recovery time. Many patients notice improved vision within a few days of surgery, and most can resume normal activities, including driving, within a week. However, it’s essential to follow your doctor’s post-operative instructions carefully to ensure optimal healing.


Myth 5: Cataract Surgery is Risky

Fact: While all surgeries carry some degree of risk, cataract surgery is considered one of the safest and most successful surgical procedures performed today. The risk of complications is relatively low, with the vast majority of patients experiencing improved vision and quality of life after surgery.


Myth 6: Cataracts Can Grow Back After Surgery

Fact: Once a cataract has been removed, it cannot grow back. However, some patients may develop a condition called posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in the months or years following cataract surgery. PCO occurs when the capsule that holds the artificial lens becomes cloudy, causing vision to become blurry again. Fortunately, PCO can be easily treated with a quick, painless laser procedure called YAG laser capsulotomy.


Myth 7: After cataract surgery, there is no need for spectacles

Fact: We aim to eliminate the need for glasses after cataract surgery, but this may not be achievable for a variety of reasons. Monofocal intraocular lenses work well for distance vision, although reading glasses are still necessary. On the other hand, multifocal intraocular lenses can provide independence from both distance and near vision glasses after cataract surgery or reduce dependence on them. However, these multifocal lenses may not be suitable for everyone, so the doctor will need to make that decision after examining your eyes.



Cataract surgery is a safe, effective procedure that has helped millions of people regain clear vision and improve their quality of life. By dispelling common myths and understanding the facts about cataract surgery, individuals can make informed decisions about their eye health and seek treatment when necessary. If you have concerns or questions about eye cataract treatment, be sure to consult with an eye specialist for personalized guidance and recommendations.

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