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Do You Know What Uveitis Is? Understand its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Dr. Sanjay Mall In Uveitis

Mar 16, 2024 | 4 min read

Uveitis is a condition that affects the uvea, the middle layer of the eye which consists of the iris (colored part of the eye), ciliary body (ring of muscles behind the iris, which connects the retina to sclera)), and choroid. This eye disorder can lead to complications if not diagnosed and treated immediately. Let’s explore what uveitis involves, Uveitis causes, symptoms, and treatment options.


What is The Cause of Uveitis?

Uveitis can have various causes, ranging from infections to autoimmune disorders. Infections, such as those caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi, can trigger inflammation in the eye.

Iritis or irito uveitis. Additionally, trauma to the eye, certain medications, and underlying systemic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease can contribute to the development of uveitis.


Types of Uveitis

Based on where the inflammation occurs in the eye, Primarily. Uveitis is classified into four types: Anterior Uveitis, Intermediate Uveitis, Posterior Uveitis, and Panuveitis.

  • Anterior Uveitis (Iritis or Iridocyclitis) : It happens when inflammation occurs at the front of the eye, between the back of the cornea, and in front of the lens. Its symptoms are red eyes, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, and eye pain.
  • Intermediate Uveitis (Cyclitis or Vitritis) : It is an intraocular inflammation that primarily affects the vitreous (gel present in the middle of the eye and behind the lens). Its symptoms are spots or floaters in vision and blurred vision.
  • Posterior Uveitis (Retinitis or Choroiditis) : It happens when inflammation occurs at the back of the eye. Primarily, It affects the retina, retina vessels, or choroid. Its symptoms are floaters and flashing of lights.
  • Panuveitis : It happens when inflammation occurs inside the eye and affects the front, back, and middle of the eye. Its symptoms are floaters, redness, flashes of light, and blurry vision.


What Vitamin Deficiency Causes Uveitis?

Although vitamin deficiencies are not typically the primary cause of uveitis, some studies suggest a potential link between vitamin D deficiency and the risk of developing uveitis. Adequate amounts of vitamin D are essential for maintaining a balanced immune response, and deficiencies may predispose individuals to inflammatory conditions like uveitis. However, more research is needed to establish a definitive causal relationship.


What are the Symptoms of Uveitis?

Uveitis can manifest with various symptoms, depending on which part of the eye is affected and the severity of inflammation. Common uveitis symptoms include:

  • Eye redness
  • Eye pain or discomfort, which may worsen with eye movement
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
  • Floaters or spots in the field of vision
  • Decreased vision
  • Eye discharge
  • Pupil constriction or dilation abnormalities

It’s essential to seek medical attention promptly if experiencing any of these symptoms to prevent potential complications.


What are the Treatments Available for Uveitis?

Uveitis treatments aim to reduce inflammation, alleviate symptoms, and prevent complications. The approach to treatment may vary depending on the underlying cause, severity, and type of uveitis. Treatment options may include:

  • Topical or Systemic Corticosteroids: These medications help reduce inflammation in the eye and are often the first line of treatment for uveitis.
  • Immunosuppressive Drugs: In cases of severe or chronic uveitis, medications that suppress the immune system may be prescribed to control inflammation.
  • Biologic Agents: These drugs target specific molecules involved in the inflammatory process and may used when other treatments are ineffective or poorly tolerated.
  • Antibiotics or Antiviral Medications: an appropriate antimicrobial therapy may prescribed by an eye care specialist if uveitis is caused by an infection, such as bacterial or viral uveitis.
  • Surgical intervention: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat complications of uveitis, such as cataracts or glaucoma, which can arise due to prolonged inflammation.

For individuals seeking treatment for uveitis or any other eye-related condition in India, there are numerous highly qualified eye specialists in India. These specialists offer services, including diagnosis and treatments of various eye disorders.


In conclusion, uveitis is a complex eye condition that requires prompt diagnosis and appropriate management to prevent vision loss and complications. By understanding uveitis causes, recognizing its symptoms, and seeking timely medical care, individuals can effectively manage uveitis and maintain eye health and function. If you’re experiencing any eye-related symptoms or have concerns about your eye health, don’t hesitate to consult an eye specialist for evaluation and treatment.

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Written and Verified by:

Dr. Sanjay Mall

Dr. Sanjay Mall



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