Blog image

Eye Floaters: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

DR. ARUN SINGHVI In Eye Conditions

Sep 10, 2023 | 3 min read


Have you ever noticed tiny specks or squiggly lines drifting across your field of vision? If so, you’re not alone. These elusive and often perplexing visual disturbances are commonly referred to as “eye floaters.” In this article, we will demystify the world of eye floaters, explore their causes, when to seek medical attention, and what treatments may be available.


What are Eye Floaters?

Eye floaters are small, semi-transparent particles that appear to float in your field of vision. They can take various forms, such as dots, squiggly lines, cobwebs, or even tiny specks. These visual anomalies are most noticeable when you look at a plain, well-lit background like a clear sky or a white wall.


What Causes Eye Floaters?

Eye floaters are primarily caused by changes in the vitreous, a gel-like substance that fills the back of your eye. Some common reasons for the development of eye floaters include:

  1. Aging: As you get older, the vitreous gel can become more liquid, leading to the formation of floaters.

  2. Eye Injuries: Trauma to the eye can result in floaters due to the release of debris into the vitreous.

  3. Eye Diseases: Certain eye conditions, such as retinal tears or diabetic retinopathy, can cause floaters.

  4. Inflammation: Inflammatory conditions affecting the eye can lead to floaters.


When Should You Be Concerned?

While eye floaters are usually harmless and a common part of aging, there are instances where they could be a sign of a more serious condition. You should seek immediate medical attention if you experience:

  1. Sudden Onset: If you suddenly notice a significant increase in floaters, especially if accompanied by flashes of light, it could be a sign of a retinal tear or detachment.

  2. Curtain-Like Shadow: The sensation of a curtain or shadow descending over your vision could indicate a retinal tear or detachment.

  3. Loss of Peripheral Vision: A sudden loss of peripheral (side) vision requires immediate evaluation.

These symptoms could signal a more severe issue with your eye health that demands prompt medical intervention.


Treatment Options

In most cases, these eye conditions are benign and require no treatment. Over time, you may become less aware of them as your brain adjusts to their presence. However, if floaters significantly interfere with your vision or are causing distress, there are treatment options to consider:

  1. Vitrectomy: This surgical procedure involves the removal of the vitreous gel and its replacement with a clear solution. It’s typically reserved for severe cases.

  2. Laser Therapy: In some instances, laser therapy can break apart larger floaters, making them less noticeable.



While eye floaters are often harmless and a common part of the aging process, it’s essential to pay attention to any sudden changes in their frequency or appearance. Regular eye check-ups can help monitor your eye health and catch any underlying issues early. If you ever experience concerning symptoms such as flashes of light, a curtain-like shadow, or a sudden increase in floaters, don’t hesitate to seek immediate medical attention. Your vision is too precious to take any risks.

Like360 Share168

Written and Verified by:





Related Blogs

Get a Call Back

Book Appointment Call now 1800 1200 111